A phobia isn’t an illness but an irrational fear of a specific scenario, object or action. Sufferers recognize their fear is out of proportion to any actual risk and are unable to control it or even describe it.
The precise cause of the majority of phobias is unknown, but it is normally accepted that phobias originate from a combination of internal and external factors.
But when faced with the phobic position; the body goes into an almost involuntary reaction and oftentimes leads to a form of panic attack.
When this is experienced by a person, they’ll extricate themselves from the specific situation, which consequently, further embeds the anxiety into the brain. If you are looking for evidence based Phobia treatment and counselling then you should consult with a psychologist.
Phobias will often start to change self-confidence and self esteem. Sufferers believe they are not comprehended, that others believe they are ignorant. And it can make them feel embarrassed and dumb. Phobias are generally classified into three kinds:
- Social Phobia (Fear of social situations)
- Agoraphobia (Panic Disorder)
- Specific phobia (Animals or Object Specific Contexts)
Social anxiety is the anxiety about interaction with other people that brings on self-consciousness, feelings of being negatively judged and assess leading to feelings of inadequacy, inferiority, embarrassment, humiliation, as well as depression.
These entail a fear of specific situations, for example flying, riding in an automobile or on public transportation, fear of dogs or fear of heights. In serious cases, you may also experience psychological symptoms, like:
- Fear of losing control
- Fear of fainting
- Fear of dying
A spatial phobia calls for a particular region of the amount of space present. This may include just a fear of heights, a fear of open spaces, and a fear of closed-in spaces. People with phobia have panic attack and the symptoms often occur suddenly and without warning such as:
- Pain in chest
- Hot flushes or chills
Anti-anxiety medications help calm and relax the anxious person and remove the troubling symptoms. There are a number of anti-anxiety medications presently available. The preferred medications for most anxiety disorders are the benzodiazepines.
Antidepressants will also be effective for panic attacks plus some phobias and in many cases are prescribed for these conditions by clinical psychologist. Particularly if it is accompanied by depression, they’re also occasionally used for more generalized forms of stress.
Relaxation techniques like breathing retraining, exercises can help patients cope with stress and physical reactions related to their specific phobia.